Shahdol District is situated in the North‐Eastern part of the Madhya Pradesh. Because of the division of the district on 15‐8‐2003, the area of the district remains 5610 Sq. Kms. It ranks 23rd among all districts in terms of area in state. It is surrounded by Anuppur in the South‐East, Satna & Sidhi in the North and Umaria in the West. The district extends to 110 Kms. from East to West and 170 Kms. from North to South. This district is situated between 22o 52’ N latitude to 25o 41’N latitude and 80o 10’Longitude to 82o 12’ E longitude.
District Shahdol is predominantly hilly district. It is pituresque with certainpockets and belt of SAL and mixed forests. Total Geographical area of the district is 6205 Sq. Km. Adjacents to the District Shahdol are the boarding districts Dindori, Satna, Sidhi, Umaria, Anuppur and Rewa.
Physiographically, structural landforms, represented by plateau and low lying plains with average altitude of 450m to 500m above Mean Sea Level are developed in northern, north eastern and north western and central parts of the district. In the southern part of the District, hills and highlands of Maikal Range and high to medium level (500m to 990m) plateau and flat topped, step like terraces are developed. Fluvial Land Forms represented by flood plains are present along the western boundary of the district. The maximum elevation of the area is 1123m above mean sea level at Singingarh Hill (23°03’40”: 81°27’37”) in Satpura hills, in southern part of the district.
The District is located in the north‐eastern part of the Deccan Plateau. It lies at the trijunction of Maikal Ranges of the Satpura Mountain, the foot of the Kymore Range of the Vindhya Mountain and a mass of parallel hills which extend over the Chhota Nagpur plateau in Bihar. In between these hill ranges lies the narrow valley of the Son and its tributaries. Since the Kymore Range extends along the Son just across the northern boundary, the District may be divided into three physiographic divisions. They are :‐
- The Maikal Range
- The Hills of Eastern Plateau, and
- The Upper Son Valley